A: What is NY an abbreviation for ?
B: New York.
A: You always abide by the law.
B: Yes, I think it is important for national governance
A: I think my child’s behaviour is abnormal.
B: No, he just has a lot of energy.
A: I think they should abolish all the rules in this school.
B: But then there would be chaos.
vt. 废止, 废除(法律、制度、习俗等)
A: Can you have an abortion in your country?
B: Yes, do you agree with it?
n. 流产, 堕胎
A: Henry abounds with energy.
B: I know I can never keep up with him.
vi. 1. 大量存在
2.（in,with） 充满 ,富于
A: Do you read the newspaper every morning?
B: Yes, I at least try to keep abreast of current affairs.
keep abreast of
A: I heard that you were nearly in an accident.
B: Yes, it was a close call—but the car came to an abrupt stop just in time.
a. 1. 突然的,意外的
A: Why do you abstain from alcohol?
B: I think it is better for my health.
A: That was an absurd joke.
B: Maybe, but it was still funny.
A: There are an abundance of flies outside.
B: I think that is because of the warm weather.
in abundance 充足，丰富
A: Mary hangs around with Joe a lot.
B: Yes, I almost mistook her as an accessory.
A: He acclaimed that he was fully recovered.
B: And do you think that he actually was?
A: How many people will your hotel accommodate?
B: Fifty, at a push.
A: Do you think that Mr. Hand committed the crime alone?
B: No, he has an accomplice.
A: Why were you late for work?
B: I don’t have to tell you, I’m only accountable to my boss.
A: That was an ace tennis match.
B: Yeah, it was fantastic.
A: Do you play the acoustic guitar?
B: Usually I play the electric.
A: Have you acquainted yourself with the material yet?
B: No, I still have to read the book.
A: Has the case come to a close?
B: Yes, the suspect was acquitted because there was not enough evidence.
A: If you press that red button you will activate the bomb.
B:I’ll be sure not to press it then.
A: What do you want to be when you grow up?
B: A feminist activist , working for female rights
A: Do you drink tea?
B: Yes, but I am addicted to coffee.
A: I watch too much television.
B: Me too, it is addictive
A: Are you going to wear those old shoes to the wedding?
B: Yeah, I hate adhering to formalities.
vi. （to ）1.黏附，附着；2.遵守，坚持；3.追随，支持
A: Your poster has fallen down from the wall.
B: I ran out of adhesive and forgot buy some more.
A: Where do you live?
B: Adjacent to the hospital, and near the school.
A: I always see Mary and Bill together.
B: I do too, it is like as if they were adjoined at the hip.
A: The pharmacy down the road is closed.
B: Yes, it lost its license to administer over the counter drugs.
A: I am reading a book about a sailing voyage set in 1900.
B: Is that the one where the admiral gets thrown overboard?
A: He looks too young to be at university.
B: I thought he was just an adolescent
A: I simply adore the band U2.
B: They are good , but I prefer The Cranberries.
A: Did you enjoy the wedding?
B: It was beautiful, the bride was adorned with rose in her hair.
A: I can not wait until advent is over.
B: Likewise, then I can open all of my Christmas presents.
A: Peter and Mary are always fighting.
B: I didn’t know that they had an adversary relationship.
A: Did you see the thunder and lightening last night?
B: No, but the weather has been unusually adverse resently.
A: By the way , I broke the radio aerial last night.
B: I was wondering why the reception was so bad.
A: Do you like Monet’s work?
B: No, I prefer Degas, He appeals more to my aesthetic sense.
A: I am going on a study exchange to France next year.
B: Oh, that’s right, your university is affiliated to one in Paris.
A: Simon affirmed that he was in good health.
B: Good , so he will be fit for work tomorrow.
A: I could never afflict harm upon another creature.
B: Does that mean that you are also a vegetarian?
A: You live in a very affluent area of the city.
B: I am lucky, but I am not weathy.
A: I love being in thunderstorms.
B: I must say that I prefer the aftermath.
A: My little sister aggravate my daily!
B: But aren’t you glad that you have a little sister?
A: Life is of aggregate all past experience.
B: Indeed, so I better try to gain as much experience as possible.
in the aggregate 总共，作为总体
A: Stop agitate your brother!
B: He is the one that started it .
A: Try to calm down. The wound is not serious.
B: But I am in agony
A: Do you like your new neighbours?
B: Yes, I find them very agreeable
A: My grandmother lives alone.
B: Oh, mine now has an aide to help her in the home.
A: You are not looking well today.
B: Unfortunately, I always have some sort of ailment in the winter.
A: This room is far too warm.
B: Turn on the air-conditioning then.
A: I tripped up walking down the aisle in church last Sunday.
B: That is because you never tie your laces property.
A: Did you take a lot of photos on your holidays?
B: Yeah, two album full.
A: I’m not too fond of alcoholic drinks.
B: Well I usually drink Coke as well.
A: I would love to visit South America.
B: So would I , but at the moment it seems almost alien to me.
A: The new girl in our class seems to be alienated from us.
B: I will invite her to join us at lunch, maybe that will help.
A: He alleged that he was burgled during the night.
B: I do not believe him, he is always telling lies.
A: Here is some cream to alleviate your pain.
B: Thanks, I will use it straight away.
A: Where did you lose your purse?
B: In the alley beside my house.
A: I have been allotted only two shelves for all my belongings in the dor.
B: I am sure that you can ask for more space if you need it.
A: Is your ring made of pure silver?
B: No, I think that it is just an alloy .
A: Mr. Jones often alludes to his wealth.
B: yes, but actually I don’t think he is wealthy compared to Mrs. Devan.
A: Why did you come to Beijing?
B: I was allured by the bright lights of the city.
A: I heard an almighty amount of noise outside last night.
B: Sorry, that was my dog chasing my neighbour’s cat.
A: How often will you be able to work?
B: Only on alternate days I am afraid.
A: I amassed a lot of lecture notes during my undergraduate degree.
B: I hope that you amassed them in your head also!
A: Did you enjoy the end of the novel?
B: No, it was too ambiguous for me.
A: You work very hard.
B: Maybe, but I ma ambitious and want to do well in my career.
A: Your essay is good. But I think that you need to amend the conclusion.
B: Oh, I thought the ending was the best part.
A: Do your parents get along well?
B: Yes, they at least have an amicable relationship.
A: The army in my county is under-funded.
B: I think that it is a good thing that it can not afford more ammunition though.
A: Is there enough space in the back of the car?
B: Yes, ample.
A: I can not hear the lecturer.
B: He needs to amplify his voice more.
A: My teacher used the analogy of an acorn and oak tree to explain the potential of the school.
B: He must think you all have a lot of potential then.
A: That guy is crazy.
B: Maybe he needs to see an analyst.
A: You have a very analytic mind.
B: I think that is why I enjoy mathematics.
A: Do you ever read the Financial Times?
B: No, it is far too analytical for me.
A: My two year old son is very destructive.
B: Maybe he wants to be a political anarchist when he grows up!
A: I would like to research my ancestry some day.
B: Do you even know the origin of your family name yet?
A: I love Philip’s stories.
B: Yes, particularly his anecdotes.
A: Do you like Micheangelo’s paintings?
B: Very much, particularly his depictions of angels.
A: My classmate had to go to hospital just before the exams.
B: Probably too much anguish and stress.
A: Did you know that Germany annexed part of Czechoslovakia during the war?
B: Yeah, I read about it in my history book.
A: Do you know who wrote this poem?
B: No, it is anonymous, the poet did not disclose his name.
a. 1.无名的，不具名的； 2.匿名的 ；3.无特色的，无个特征的
A: The film was about an antagonism between two countries.
B: Sounds too violent for my liking.
A: Is that insect dangerous?
B: Only if you touch it’s antenna.
A: My grandfather went missing in South America while conducting a research project.
B: Was he an anthropologist or a scientist?
A: Do you know the antonym of “fast”?
B: Yes, “slow”. It was the opposite meaning of “fast”.
A: Would you like to come to the zoo with me ?
B: So long as we can visit the ape compound.
A: I was appalled by the state of the living conditions of the poorer people in the region.
B: Yes, but the government is doing their best to help the situation.
A: Can you help me with my science experiment?
B: So long as you have the necessary apparatus and it is not dangerous.
A: Did you enjoy the meal?
B: Yes, thanks. And it certainly appeased my hunger.
A: I can’t find the information that you quoted.
B: Look in Appendix Four, page 231.
A: I think the performance was fantastic.
B: The audience seemed to agreed, they applauded for five minutes.
A: A journalist for the national paper wrote a warm appraisal for the new play.
B: I must book a ticket soon then, before they are all sold out.
A: Did they apprehend the criminal yet?
B: No, I think that the police are still looking for him.
A: What is your current occupation?
B: I am an apprentice electrician but I will be qualified in two months.
A: Your shirt is filthy.
B: Oops, I was cooking but did not have an apron.
n.1.围裙 ；2.台口(舞台幕前的突出部分) ；3.停机坪
A: Your comment about inefficient train service was most apt. I have been waiting in this platform for half an hour.
B: Oh, not quite. Here comes the train now.
a.1.易于，有(做某事的)倾向 ；2.恰当的，适宜的 ；3.聪明的，反应敏捷的
A: Did you get into the university course that you applied for?
B: Well, I have to pass an aptitude test first, and then if I am successful I will be admitted.
A: That is a beautiful bridge.
B: Yes, it’s in the shape of an arc.
n.1. 弧形(物) ；2.弧 ；3.电弧，弧光
A: The new town hall is now completed.
B: Yes, I saw it , and the front arches look really beautiful.
A: I am very interested in buried ruins and treasures.
B: You should study archaeology.
A: It is my ardent wish to travel around the world.
B: You better start saving your money now.
A: The concert will take place in the main arena .
B: Wow, it will be huge. I know it can hold 30,000 people.
A: Mr. Smith was an aristocrat and owned a large piece of land in the south of the country.
B: Does that mean that he was also very wealthy?
A: I dreamt last night that a knight in shining armor rescued me from a burning tower.
B: Let me guess the ending, you woke up before you had a chance to fall in love!
A: The new shopping centre has a vast array of interesting products.
B: Yes, but they are far too expensive.
n.1.展示，陈列，一系列 ；2.排列，队形 ；3.衣服，盛装 ；4.数组，阵列
A: Why did you break up with your first boyfriend?
B: He was too arrogant and never listen to me.
A: I heard that Ted was arrested for arson .
B: Yeah, he set the local school on fire.
A: Don’t eat so many fatty foods, they will block your arteries .
B: But they are the foods that I like the best.
A: I find Paul difficult to understand.
B: That is because he does not articulate his words very clearly.
A: The army has amassed a huge amount of artillery .
B: Let’s hope they don’t have to use it.
A: Do you think that we ascend into heaven when we die?
B: I am not sure. I am still undecided.
A: I couldn’t ascertain whether he was joking or serious.
B: Don’t worry, he has a strange sense of humor.
A: Your father ascribed beauty and intelligence to you.
B: Thanks for the compliment.
A: The man’s body came ashore five days after he went missing from the ship.
B: Oh, how terrible, that must have been the one that was found on the beach yesterday.
A: It is my aspiration to become a doctor.
B: Well, if you stick to your goals I am sure you can do it.
A: I do not think I have achieved enough yet.
B: Well, if you always aspire to do your best then you will not be unhappy.
A: Is that a donkey or an ass ?
B: Neither, it is a small horse.
A: Did you hear that there was an attempted assassination on the president?
B: Yes, but it was not true, somebody was spreading rumours.
A: We were warned about the risk of assault in the city.
B: Good, it is always better to be aware of the dangers.
A: He asserted his points strongly during the debate.
B: Why didn’t he win it then?
A: I think that guy is too rude.
B: Really, I think he is just trying to assert himself .
A: I think that the new student has assimilated well into his new environment.
B: Perhaps, but he does not seem to have many friends.
A: I gave Linda an assorted box of sweets for her birthday.
B: Did you not know that chocolates were her favourite?
A: I received assurances that I would get help.
B: And did they come through?
A: I am not able to run fast because I suffer from asthma .
B: Don’t worry, I can’t run fast either because I am unfit!
A: It is my dream to be an astronaut one day.
B: I too would love to see the earth from space.
A: I am going to visit the new astronomy research centre in town tonight, would you like to join me?
B: I’d love too, is there a good telescope to view the stars with?
A: They are closing down the local asylum .
B: It is about time, the care facilities there were terrible.
A: Do you have an atlas ? I want to check where and in which ocean the Tongan Islands are.
B: No, I don’t have one, but I think that they are in the Pacific.
A: Is attendance at the lecture absolutely necessary?
B: Well, if you want to get credit for this course it is.
A: I lost my wallet at the cinema yesterday.
B: Did you ask the attendant on duty if it was found?
A: The box of old photos that you are looking for is in the attic .
B: On the right or left hand side?
A: The auction will be held at 3pm on Saturday.
B: Good, I’d like to set a starting price of one hundred dollars for my table.
A: Even though I’m not registered in this department, will it be alright if I audit your classes?
B: It is fine with me, but it is best to check with the department first.
A: Are all the accounts from your business in order?
B: No, the auditor still needs to check them.
A: Where will the classical concert be held?
B: In the main auditorium
A: He is suffering from an auditory infection.
B: I hope he recovers soon.
A: My salary will be augmented with the aid of extra hours.
B: Great, but don’t work too hard.
A: I attended a memorial service last night.
B: It must have a very austere occasion.
A: Are you jeans authentic ?
B: No, they are just cheap copies of the original brand.
A: John has such an authoritative voice. It is frightening.
B: I find him scary at times also.
A: Stop! You are not authorized to enter this section of the building.
B: Oh, I’m sorry, I didn’t realize that I needed special permission.
A: What are you reading?
B: Nelson Mandela’s autobiography , I highly recommend it.
A: Is that dog over there real?
B: No, I think that it is just an automation
A: I am moving to an autonomous region of the country.
B: Gosh, that will be an interesting experience.
A: You are very independent.
B: My autonomy is protected by the law.
A: Where you able to get through to the ticket office when you telephoned?
B: I tried several times, but to no avail.
n. [一般用于否定句或疑问句中] 效用，利益，帮助
A: What was the film about?
B: A guy trying to avenge the killing of his brother. It was quite violent.
A: Let’s turn left down the next road.
B: Good idea, that way we can avert the traffic jam.
A: I heard that the national aviation company owes a lot of money to the government.
B: Well, it must be because of the price of new planes.
A: I was filled with awe when I watched the sun rise this morning.
B: It is a shame that I missed it, I was still in bed.
be / stand in awe of 敬畏
A: At what speed does the earth spin on its axis ?
B: I am not quite sure, you should check in your textbook.