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六级考试模拟题试卷

来源:原版英语学习网发布时间:2012-07-26 浏览:1638次


Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)

Passage One?

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:?


Acting is such an over-crowded profession that the only advice that should be given to a young  of going on the stage is “Don’t !”. But it is useless to try to discourage someone who feels that he must act, though the chances of his becoming famous are slim. The normal way to begin is to go to a drama school. Usually only students who show promise and talent are accepted, and the course lasts two years. Then the young actor or actress takes up work with a repertory company, usually as an assistant stage manager. This means doing everything that there is to do in the theatre: painting scenery, looking after the furniture, taking care of the costumes, and even acting in very small parts. It is very hard work indeed. The hours are long and the salary is tiny. But young actors with the stage in their blood are happy, waiting for the chances of working with a better company, or perhaps in films or television.?


Of course, some people have unusual chances which lead to fame and success without this long and dull training. Connie Pratt, for example, was just an ordinary girl working in a bicycle factory. A film producer happened to catch sight of her one morning waiting at a bus stop, as he drove past in his big car. He told the driver to stop, and he got out to speak to the girl. He asked her if she would like to go to the film studio to do a test, and at first she thought he was joking. Then she got angry and said she would call the police. It took the producer twenty minutes to tell Connie that he was serious. Then an appointment was made for her to go to the studio the next day. The test was successful. They gave her some necessary lessons and within a few weeks she was playing the leading part opposite one of the most famous actors of the day. Of course, she was given a more dramatic name, which is now world-famous. But chances like this happen once in a blue moon!?



21.According to the passage, the main reason why young people should  from becoming actors is____.?

A) actors are very unusual people?

B) the course at the drama school lasts two years?

C) acting is really a hard job?

D) there are already too many actors?


22.An assistant stage manager’s job is difficult because he has to ____.?

A) do all kinds of stage work?

B) work for long hours?

C) wait for a better company?

D) act well?


23.According to the context, the sentence “But young actors with the stage in their blood are happy, ” at the end of the first paragraph means____.?

A) they don’t care if their job is hard?

B) they like the stage naturally?

C) they are born happy?

D) they are easily satisfied?


24.Conie Pratt soon became a famous actress by____.?

A) learning some lessons about the art of speaking?

B) once playing her part in the “Blue Colored Moon”?

C) successfully matching the most famous actors?

D)acting a leading part with a most famous actor at that time?


25.The phrase “once in a blue moon” in last line refers to ____.?

A) all at once?B) once for a long time?

C) once in a while?D) once and for all?



内容概要:?本文讨论的是从影当演员的问题。一般来说,从影当演员要经过较长时间的严格训练。虽然是这是个艰难的职业,但人们还是趋之若骛,因为当演员能出名。也有人偶然闯入影坛一夜成名的,本文的Connie Pratt就是这样一个典型。?

21.【答案】D。?【译文】根据本文,人们劝阻年青人不要作演员的主要原因是演员已经太多了。?【试题分析】细节推理题。?

【详细解答】短文第一句话就谈到了这一点:Acting is such an over-crowded profession that the only advice that should be given to a young  of going on the stage is “Don’t!”这里的一个关键词组是an over-crowded profession (拥挤不堪的职业),即从事当演员这个职业的人太多了。?

22.【答案】A。?【译文】助理舞台经理的工作很难,因为他得做各种各样的舞台工作。?【试题分析】细节推理题。?

【详细解答】短文第一段中间说得非常具体、详细,而题目是用概括性的语言来表达这一点:Then the young actor or actress takes up work with a repertory company, usually as an assistant stage manager. This means doing everything that there is to do in the theatre: painting scenery, looking after the furniture, taking care of the costumes, and even acting in very small parts.?

23.【答案】B。?【译文】根据本文,第一段最后一句话“But young actors with the stage in their blood are happy,…”的意思是他们天生喜欢舞台。?

【试题分析】语义理解题。?【详细解答】第一段主要谈论的是要想做演员出名是如何地难,可尽管如此,那些血液里都有舞台的年青演员还是感到很高兴,这里 with the stage in their blood是一种形象说法,相当于汉语的说法:骨子里都有舞台,即他们天生喜欢演戏、当演员。?

24.【答案】D。?【译文】和当时的一位非常有名的男演员演对手戏,担任主角,Connie Pratt很快成了名演员。?【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】本文最后一段讲的是Connie Pratt偶然成为名演员而没有付出艰苦的努力这样一个特例:They gave her some necessary lessons and within a few weeks she was playing the leading part opposite one of the most famous actors of the day. Of course, she was given a more dramatic name, which is now world-famous.?

25.【答案】B。?【译文】最后一行的段语“once in a blue moon” (千载难逢地) 指“once for a long time”(很长时间才有一次)。?【试题分析】语义理解题。?【详细解答】本题考的是习语。习语“once in a blue moon”的意思是“千载难逢地”,与“once for a long time”基本同义。在阅读理解中做语义题一定要结合习语所在的句子以及短文的上下文。本文最后一段讲的是Connie Pratt这样一个特例,像她这样成功的情况是极少的,即像这样的机会是千载难逢的。只要准确地理解了上下文,这样的语义题是不难做的。all at once指“突然,忽然”;once in a while指“偶尔,不时地”;once and for all指“永久地,一劳永逸地”。

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Passage Two?

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:?


The traditional two-parents family is fast giving way in the America of the 1980s to households in which one adult must juggle the often enormous demands of making a living and raising children.?


For many, single parenthood is synonymous with economic need. More than 3 million single-parent families live in poverty, according to the Census Bureau, and joblessness, plus cuts in public assistance, has helped drive up the number of poor children in such families by about 20 percent in just three years.?The biggest burden falls on households that are headed by single mothers. Nearly half of these families are below the poverty as“ the most compelling social fact ”of the last 10 years.?


This deprivation is not only hard on its  for taxpayers since single women and their offspring receive 40 to 80 percent of the benefits in various welfare programs that cost the government a total of 40 billion dollars a year. Despite cuts in benefits averaging 10 percent, rising number of eligible women are likely to keep the overall cost up, according to economist Alice Rivlin, former director of the Congressional Budget office.?


Fanning the single-parent spiral are two dramatic offshoots of the sexual revolution: divorce and unwed(未婚的) motherhood. The divorce rate has doubled in the last 15 years, and the number of illegitimate births has more than doubled to 700,000 annually. One tenth of white children and more than one half of black children are now born out of wedlock. What’s more, there is a strong tendency now for women and teenagers who have illegitimate children to keep them rather than put them up for adoption.?



Typical is Rufina Nera of Los Angeles.When she became pregnant at 15,abortion was never mentioned in her home.Instead,her mother encouraged her to have the child,says Nera,adding:“She even gave a baby shower for me.”?


Now, Nera shares a crowded bedroom with her 2-year-old daughter as well as her sister. She holds no hope of help from the father, although she remarked during the only time he saw the child that she was prettier than his other illegitimate baby. Even so, Nera tries to keep her attention on two goals: moving into her own apartment and getting enough education to become a secretary or a nurse. Her first step along that path is attending Rarnona High School, an ”opportunity school“ where she and 110 other girls study while their babies are cared for in a nursery.?


26.What effect does joblessness and cuts in public assistance have on children of single-parent families??

A) Another 3 million of them live in poverty.?

B) The number of them increased by about 20 percent in just three years.?

C) The number of them increased by about 3 percent in the 1980s.?

D) They were not affected at all.?


27.How much money do single women and their children get from welfare programs every year??

A) 40 to 80 billion dollars.?

B) 16 to 40 billion dollars.?

C) 32 to 40 billion dollars.?

D) 16 to 32 billion dollars.?


28.We can come to the conclusion that ____.?

A) 60 percent of American children are now born illegitimately?

B) at least 50 percent of black children are now born illegitimately in America?

C) 60 percent of American children were born illegitimately in the 1960s?

D) at least 60 percent of American children were born illegitimately in the 1960s?


29.What will probably happen to most illegitimate children??

A) They will be kept by their fathers.?

B) They will be kept by their grandparents.?

C) They will be kept by their mothers.?

D) They will be adopted by someone else.?


30.What does Nera do for the preparation for becoming a secretary or a nurse??

A) She is working in a nursery.?

B) She is moving into her own apartment.?

C) She is studying in a high school.?

D) She is asking help from the father.?



内容概要:?本文讨论的是二十世纪八十年代美国单亲家庭的问题。根据美国人口调查局的统计,有三百多万个单亲家庭的孩子生活在贫困中。这个问题不仅使单亲家庭自己受害,而且给纳税人增加了很大的负担,因为政府花在资助单亲家庭的各种福利支出每年达二、三百多亿美元。导致单亲家庭成上升趋势的是性革命的两个衍生物:离婚和未婚妈妈。当然,其后果就是非婚生子女的人数大幅员上升。?

26.【答案】B。?【译文】失业和公共资助的减少对单亲家庭的孩子有什么影响??【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】这使得单亲家庭贫穷孩子的人数增加了约20%。短文第二段很清楚地讲到了这一点:...and joblessness, plus cuts in public assistance, has helped drive up the number of poor children in such families by about 20 percent in just three years.?

27.【答案】D。?【译文】单亲母亲及其孩子每年从福利项目中得到多少钱?【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】每年福利项目的支出约为四百亿美元,她们得到了其中的百分之四十至八十,即十六亿至三十二亿美元。短文第四段明了地谈到了这一点:... since single women and their offspring receive 40 to 80 percent of the benefits in various welfare programs that cost the government a total of 40 billion dollars a year.?

28.【答案】B。?【译文】我们可以得出结论:现在美国黑人孩子中至少有百分之五十的是非婚生的。?【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】短文第五段很清楚地讲到了这一点:One tenth of white children and more than half of black children are now born out of wedlock. 这里的关键是要理解wedlock这个词,它的意思是“婚姻(状况)”,out of wedlock 就是illegitimately(私生的)。?

29.【答案】C。?【译文】大多数私生子会发生什么情况??【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】他们将会由母亲抚养。短文第五段最后一句谈到了这一点: What’s more, there is a strong tendency now for women and teenagers who have illegitimate children to keep them rather than put them up for adoption.?

30.【答案】C。?【译文】为了准备当秘书或护士,Nera现在做什么??【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】短文的最后两段举了Nera这样一个十五岁怀孕生子的未婚妈妈。最后一段谈到了她为了当秘书或护士在一所中学学习:Nera tries to keep her attention on two goals: moving into her own apartment and getting enough education to become a secretary or a nurse. Her first step along that path is attending Rarnona high school,...?

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Passage Three?

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:?


In managing information resources, the medium may be the key to an effective system. The medium is a vehicle, a tool, or  holding information; the information itself is the thing of value.?


Three popular categories of information media are paper, films and electronic storage devices. The media choice must not be viewed as a choice among these three, however; it must be viewed as an opportunity to select from a multitude of media possibilities in combinations that build effective systems. In many instances the person responsible for information resource management is not the person who determines the medium in which information will be created. In such a case, the manager of a firm’s information resources faces a challenge in making a significant contribution to the organization’ s objectives. ?


For effective management of information resources, media conversion may be necessary. Examples include keying or scanning pager documents to convert them to electronic media. Other processes convert electronic media from one format to another. For example, disk files created on one system may not be compatible with another system. Various hardware and software combinations can be used to convert files to formats that equipment will accept. For information generated within organizations, this necessity of making systems compatible may be eliminated by cooperative planning. However, very little control can be exercised over the media used to generate information that comes to your organization from the outside.?The medium for information may be selected to satisfy a need that exists when information is created and communicated. For example, a person record may be created because of its portability and because no special equipment is necessary for later references to that information; electronic transmission may be selected because it is the fastest means of communicating information. A firm may use electronic mail because a network already exists for on-line computer communication. The additional application may cost less than postage to .?



31.Which of the following can best sum up the passage??

A) Media Selection in Managing Information Resources.?

B) The Importance and Necessity of Media Conversion.?

C) Three Categories of Information Media.?

D) Various Means of Communicating Information.?


32.The first paragraph aims at telling the reader____.?

A) the importance of information resources management?

B) the relationship between the medium and information?

C) the great variety of media for holding information?

D) the numerous resources of information?


33.Which of the following statements is true according to the author??

A) Paper is the best storage device.?

B) People have three choices in selecting information medi?

C) It is better to let the person responsible for information resource management determine media.?

D) The manager should build an effective system by selecting a good combination of different media.?


34.For effective management of information resources, the manager should ____.?

A) convert all paper documents to electronic media?

B) make media conversion when necessary?

C) control the media used to generate information both inside and outside his organization?

D) use one format in processing information?


35.The main idea of the last paragraph is that ____.?

A) paper record is the most convenient medium or later reference?

B) electronic mail costs less than postage to ?

C) different media for information may be selected for different purposes?

D) by using different media, a firm can create various information for its objectives?



内容概要:?本文讨论的是信息与媒介之间的关系问题。媒介是信息的载体,而信息本身是有价值的。媒介在管理信息资源方面起关键作用。应根据不同的目的来选择不同的信息媒介。?

31.【答案】A。?【译文】下面哪一句话能最好地总结本篇短文??【试题分析】主旨理解题。?【详细解答】本文的主题句分别在第一段和最后一段的第一句:In managing information resources, the medium may be the key to an effective system.(媒介在管理信息资源方面是有效系统的关键。)The medium for information may be selected to satisfy a need that exists when information is created and communicated.(可以挑选信息媒介来满足创造、交流信时业已存在的需要。)从这两句话就可以简单地得出本篇短文的主题句:Media Selection in Managing Information Resources(挑选媒体来管理信息资源)。?

32.【答案】B。?【译文】第一段的目的是告诉读者媒介与信息之间的关系。?【试题分析】段落主旨题。?【详细解答】本段很形象地说明了两者之间的关系: The medium is a vehicle, a tool, or  holding information; the information itself is the thing of value. (媒介是装载信息的车辆、工具和容器;而信息本身是有价值的东西。)?

33.【答案】D。?【译文】根据作者的观点,下面哪一句话是正确的??【试题分析】是非判断题。?【详细解答】本题主要涉及对短文第二段的理解。A)显然不对,纸只是一种储存设备,但不是最好的储存设备;B)也不正确,短文第二段说有三种储存设备,但选择媒介不能只是其中的某一种,而是多种媒介的综合体; C)也是错的,不是说最好让负责管理信息资源的人来决定媒介,在很多情况下,负责管理信息资源的人不是决定创造信息媒介的人;只有D)对,管理者应该通过挑选好的不同信息组合来建立一个有效的系统。这一点与解释选项D时是一致的。?

34.【答案】B。?【译文】为了有效管理信息资源,管理者应该在需要时进行媒介转换。【试题分析】细节推理题。【详细解答】短文第三段第一句说得非常清楚: For effective management of information resources, media conversion may be necessary.?

35.【答案】C。?【译文】最后一段的中心思想是根据不同的目的来选择不同的信息媒介。【试题分析】段落主旨题。【详细解答】本段的第一句谈到了这一点: The medium for information may be selected to satisfy a need that exists when information is created and communicated. 紧接着作者通过几个例子来具体说明这一中心思想。?

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Passage Four?

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:?


The decline of traditional religion in the West has not removed the need for men and women to find a deeper meaning behind existence. Why is the world way it is and how do we, as conscious individuals, fit into the great scheme??


There is a growing feeling that science,especially what is known as the new physics, provides answers where religion remains vague and faltering.Many people in search of a meaning to their lives are finding enlightenment in the revolutionary developments at the frontiers science.Much to the bewilderment of professional scientists,quasi-religious cults are being formed around such unlikely topics as quantum physics,space-time relativity,black holes and the big bang.?


How can physics, with its reputation for  objective materialism, provide such fertile soil for the mystical? The truth is that the spirit of scientific enquiry has undergone a remarkable transformation over the past 50 years. The twin revolutions of the Theory of Relativity, with its space-warps and timewarps, and the quantum theory, which reveals the shadowy and unsubstantial nature of atoms, have demolished the classical image of a clockwork universe slavishly unfolding along a predetermined pathway. Replacing this sterile mechanism is a world full of shifting indeterminism and subtle interactions which have no counterpart in daily experience.?


To study the new physics is to embark on a journey of wonderment and paradox, to glimpse the universe in a novel perspective, in which subject and object, mind and matter, force and field, become intertwined. Even the creation of the universe itself has fallen within the province of scientific enquiry.?



The new cosmology provides, for the first time, a consistent picture of how all physical structures, including space and time, came to exist out of nothing. We are moving towards an understanding in which matter, force,  are unified into a single descriptive theme.?


Many of us who work in fundamental physics are deeply impressed by the harmony and order which pervades the physical world. To me the laws of the universe, from quarks to quasars, dovetail(吻合) together so felicitously that the impression there is something behind it all seems overwhelming. The laws of physics are so remarkably clever that they can surely only be a manifestation of genius.?


36.The author says people nowadays find that traditional religion is ____.?

A) a form of reassurance?

B) inadequate to their needs?

C) responding to scientific progress?

D) developing in strange ways?


37.Scientists find the new cults bewildering because they are ____.?

A) too reactionary ?

B) too subjective?

C) based on false evidence?

D) derived from inappropriate sources?


38.Which phrase in paragraph 3 suggests that the universe is like a machine??

A) Cold precision and objective materialism.?

B) The shadowy and unsubstantial nature of atoms.?

C) Slavishly unfolding along a predetermined pathway.?

D) Shifting indeterminism and subtle interactions.?


39.The new physics is exciting because it ____.?

A) offers a comprehensive explanation of the universe?

B) proves the existence of a ruling intelligence?

C) incorporates the work of men of genius?

D) makes scientific theorizing easier to understand?


40.The author of this passage is ____.?

A) a minister of religion?B) a research scientist ?

C) a science fiction writer?D) a journalist



内容概要:?本文重点介绍了新物理所研究的内容。由于现代宗教不能满足人们的精神需要,人们把精神寄托转向前沿科学,形成了新的对科学的顶礼膜拜,科学家对此深感困惑。新物理学以全新的视角来看宇宙世界,如主体与客体、意识与物质、力与场等,甚至还包括了宇宙本身起源的问题。?

36.【答案】B。?【译文】作者说现在人们发现传统宗教不能满足人们的需要。?【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】本文有两处谈到了这一点:1)第一段第一句:The decline of traditional religion in the west has not removed the need for men and women to find a deeper meaning behind existence. 第二段第一句:There is a growing feeling that science, especially what is known as the new physics, and provide answers where religion remains vague and faltering.?

37.【答案】D。?【译文】科学家们感到这些新的崇拜令人费解因为它们源于不恰当的源头。?【试题分析】细节推理题。【详细解答】由于宗教不能满足人们的精神需要,很多人把精神寄托转向科学,特别是现代物理学,围绕着物理学上的一些范畴正形成新的崇拜,如量子物理学、相对论、宇宙大爆炸等。科学家们之所以感到困惑是因为这些新的崇拜产生的源头是不合适的,它们是科学不是宗教。短文第二段的最后一句谈到了这一点:Much to the bewilderment of professional scientists, quasi-religious cults are being formed around such unlikely topics as quantum physics, space-time relativity, black holes and the big bang.?

38.【答案】C。?【译文】第三段中哪一个短语暗示宇宙像台机器??【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】只有通过短语所在的上下文来理解:...and the quantum theory, which reveals the shadowy and unsubstantial nature of atoms, have demolished the classical image of a clockwork universe slavishly unfolding along a predetermined pathway. (量子理论,揭示了原子有阴影、薄弱的本质,粉碎了宇宙像个时钟一样奴隶般地沿着预定的轨道铺开的经典形象。)从这段话中可以很清楚看出 (slavishly unfolding along a predetermined pathway)暗示宇宙像台机器。?

39.【答案】A。?【译文】新物理学令人激动,因为它对宇宙作出了全面的解释。?【试题分析】细节推理题。?【详细解答】短文倒数第二、三两段详细介绍了新物理学的内容:它以全新的视角来看宇宙,如主体与客体、意识与物质、力与场等,甚至还包括了宇宙本身起源的问题。To study the new physics is to embark on a journey of wonderment and paradox, to glimpse the universe in a novel perspective, in which subject and object, mind and matter, force and field, become intertwined. Even the creation of the universe itself has fallen within the province of scientific enquiry.?

40.【答案】B。?【译文】本文的作者是位科学家。?【试题分析】推理判断题。?【详细解答】首先,从全文的内来看作者对新物理学很熟悉,也很专业;其次,作者在短文的最后一段实际上告诉了读者自己的身份:Many of us who work in fundamental physics are deeply impressed by the harmony and order which pervades the physical world.这句话清楚地说明作者是位研究宇宙的科学家 .

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Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20 minutes)


41.The football club decide to ____ its working contract with the head coach because of its team’s poor performance during his coaching.?

A) diminish B) diffuse?C) preclude D) terminate?


42.Astronomers were happy to know that their ____  the universe were correct.?

A) philosophy B) assumptions?C) descriptions D) consumptions?


43.There a canal was being built to ____ commerce between the two countries.?

A) allocate B) facilitate?C) induce D) furnish?



44.Her desire to ____ other people has caused great trouble in her family.?

A) prevail B) promote?C) dominate D) exemplify?


45.They had the greatest difficulties ____ during the journey to Antarctica.?

A) imaginary B) imaginative?C) imaginable D) imaginal?


46.It is clear that lack of education will greatly ____ the laid-off workers from getting a job again.?

A) hamper B) confuse?C) perplex D) reverse?


47.His contribution to the program was ____ because 99 percent of the work was completed by his colleagues.?

A) invisible B) negligible?C) appreciable D) considerable?


48.The old Roman walls may still be seen, but not in their ____.?

A) integrity B) compactness ?C) installment D) flexibility?


49.____ the success of the product depends on its good quality.?

A) Objectively B) Ultimately ?C) Absolutely D) Relatively?


50.Our TV license will ____ next month, so we  a new one.?

A) abolish B) amend ?C) expire D) constrain?


51.The party will ____their leader very determinedly.?

A) adhere to B) coincide with?C) cling to D) depend on ?


52.He knows the regulations, and if he refuses to ____ with them he must take the consequence.?

A) accord B) assist?B) confirm D)comply?


53.An auction is usually advertised beforehand with full particulars of articles to be sold and where and when they can be viewed by ____ buyers.?

A) perspective B) prospective ?C) prosperous D) profitabl?


54.I have been ____ to the newspaper for ten years.?

A) ascribing B) subscribing ?C) ordering D) purchasing?


55.The Chinese diplomatic envoys were sent who should strengthen our international position and strive for world peace and friendly____ among peoples.?

A) collaboration B) harmony C) coordination D) intercourse?


56.Each individual is requested to state the ____ on which his judgments are based.?

A) requirements B) measures?C) legislations D) criteria?


57.Inside the machine is an____arrangement of wires.?

A) incredible B) internal?C) intricate D) initial?


58.With the popularity of the Internet, both commercial computers and personal ones are more ____ to the computer viruses than ever before.?

A) liable B)vulnerable?C) subjective D) subordinate?


59.The portion of the total income of China’s railways which comes from carrying cargo is____80 percent.?

A) consequently B) roughly ?C) comparatively D) incidentally?


60.The students, ____ reading their books, did not observe me enter the classroom.?

A) deficient in B) adequate for?C) short of D) intent on?


61.The ____ from childhood to manhood is often a difficult time for a young man.?

A) transition B) transformation?C) transfer D) transmissi?


62.Such a (n)____ person has got to the top of the company! That’s more than I bargained for.?

A) responsible B) illegal?C) notorious D) illegitimate ?


63. There are several possible explanations for the greater job____ in Japan in contrast to the great job mobility in the United States.?

A) creativity B) security?C) sensitivity D) stability?


64.Almost everyone in the auditorium was weeping by the time he finished telling the ____ tale.?

A) pathetic B) patriotic C) panic D) periodic ?


65.That day the teacher ____ from her custom and gave out no homework.?

A) disconnected B) distorted?C) detached D) deviated?


66.A man who always ____ his salary can never become very wealthy.?

A) anticipate B) articulate?C) manifest D) monitor?


67.Mr. Jackson feels very happy that he has derived a good deal of benefit ____ the investment in the city.?

A) with B) of C) from D) upon?


68.The meaning of this poem is very ____; I really do not understand it.?

A) conspicuous B) intelligible?C) obscure D) dim?


69.The very ____ of justice lies in the right of every man to a fair trial.?

A) content B) essence?C) threshold D) texture?


70.Their marriage came to an end because they were simply not ____ with each other.?

A) comparable B) compatible?C) competitive D) complacent



41.【答案】D。?【译文】由于主教练在任职期间球队成绩很差,这家足球俱乐部决定终止与他的工作合同。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。【详细解答】 diminish v. 指“(使)减少,(使)变小”;diffuse v. 指“扩散,传播”;preclude v. 指“阻止,排除”;terminate v.指“停止,终止”。?

42.【答案】B。?【译文】天文学家们很高兴地看到是他们关于宇宙中的恒星的假设是正确的。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】philosophy 指“哲学”;assumption 指“假定,设想”;description 指“描写,记述”;consumption 指“消费”。?

43.【答案】B。?【译文】在那里正在修建一条运河以推动两国间的商业贸易。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】allocate 指“分派,分配”;facilitate 指“使便利,促进”;induce 指“劝诱,促使”;furnish 指“提供,布置”。?

44.【答案】C。?【译文】她想支配他人的欲望在家庭中引起了极大的麻烦。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】prevail 是不及物动词,指“盛行,成功”;promote 指“促进,提升”;dominate 指“支配,控制”; exemplify 指“例证,例示”。?

45.【答案】C。?【译文】他们在前往南极的途中遭遇了可以预见的最大困难。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】imaginary 指“想象的,虚构的”; imaginative 指“有想象力的”;imaginable 指“可以想象的”;imaginal 指“形象的,有关想象的”。?

46.【答案】A。?【译文】很显然,缺少教育背景会极大地妨碍下岗工人再就业。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】hamper 指“妨碍,牵制”,与prevent同义;confuse 指“搞乱,使糊涂”;perplex 指“使为难,使困惑”;reverse 指“颠倒,倒转”。?

47.【答案】B。?【译文】他对这个项目的贡献是微不足道的,因为百分之九十九的工作都是他的同事完成的。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。【详细解答】 invisible 指“看不见的,无形的”;negligible 指“可以忽略的,微不足道的”;appreciable 指“可感知的,可评估的”;considerable 指“相当可观的,值得考虑的”。?

48.【答案】A。?【译文】罗马的老城墙也许现在仍然看得见,不过不完整。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】integrity 指“完整,完全”,in one’s integrity 是习惯搭配,意为“完整,原封不动”;compactness 指“紧密,简洁”;installment 指“分期付款“;flexibility 指“弹性,灵活性”。?

49.【答案】B。?【译文】一种产品要取得成功最终还得靠其良好的质量。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】objectively 指“客观的”;ultimately 指“最终,根本上”;absolutely 指“完全地,绝对地”;relatively 指“相对地”。?

50.【答案】C。?【译文】我们的电视收视许可证下个月到期,所以到时要办个新的。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】abolish 指“废止,废除(法律、制度、习俗等)”; amend 指“修正,改进”;expire 指“期满,届满”;constrain 指“抑制,强迫”。?

51.【答案】C。?【译文】党将坚定不移地团结在自己的 领袖周围。?【试题分析】近义短语辨义题。?【详细解答】adhere to 指“坚持,坚信(观点、意见、计划等);coincide with 指“与一致(相符、相同)”;cling to 指“抓住不放,依附于(某人),坚持”;depend on 指“依靠,依赖”。?

52.【答案】D。?【译文】他知道这些规章制度,如果他不遵守的话就必须承担后果。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】accord 指“一致,调和”;assist 指“援助,帮助”;confirm 指“确定,批准”;comply是不及物动词,后面with介词,指“遵守,顺从”。?

53.【答案】B。?【译文】拍卖通常先登广告,告之要拍卖物品的详情以及有意向的购买者能够看见拍卖品的地点和时间。?【试题分析】形近词辨义题。?【详细解答】perspective 是个名词,其它三个词是形容词。perspective指“远景,前途,观点”;prospective 指“预期的,盼望中的”;prosperous 指“繁荣的”;profitable 指“有利可图的”。?

54.【答案】B。?【译文】我订阅这种报纸已经十年了。?【试题分析】形近、近义辨析题。?【详细解答】ascribe 是及物动词,其句型为:ascribe... to...(把……归因于……,把……归咎于……);subscribe 既作及物动词又作不及物动词,作不及物动词时后接介词to或for,意为“订阅,预定,捐款等”,它在本句作不及物动词;order 指“定购”,purchase 指“购买”,这两个词都是及物动词。?

55.【答案】D。?【译文】中国外交使节被派遣出国以加强我国的国际地位,争取世界和平和各国人民之间的友好往来。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】collaboration 指“协作,通敌”;harmony 指“协调,融洽”;coordination指“同等,调和”; intercourse指“交往,交流”。?

56.【答案】D。?【译文】要求每个人陈述自己的判断所依据的标准。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】requirement 指“要求,必要条件”;measure 指“测量,量度标准”;legislation指“立法,法律的制定”; criterion指“(批评、判断的)标准,准据,规范”,criteria是它的复数形式。?

57.【答案】C。?【译文】机器里面的线路很复杂。?【试题分析】形近词辨义题。?【详细解答】incredible 指“难以置信的”;internal 指“内在的,国内的”;intricate 指“复杂的,错综的”;initial 指“最初的,词首的”。?

58.【答案】B。?【译文】随着互联网的普及,无论是商用电脑还是个人电脑都比以前任何时候更容易遭受电脑病毒的攻击。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】be liable to sth.指“易受……的影响,有……的倾向”; be vulnerable to sth. 指“易受……的攻击”;subjective 指“主观的,个人的”;subordinate指“从属的,下级的”。?

59.【答案】B。?【译文】来自货运部分的收入约占中国铁路总收入的百分之八十。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】consequently 指“因此,从而”;roughly 指“大约,概略地”;comparatively指“比较地,相当地”; incidentally指“附带地,顺便提及”。?

60.【答案】D。?【译文】学生们专心看书,没有注意到我进了教室。?【试题分析】短语辨义题。?【详细解答】(be) deficient in 指“缺乏……”;(be )adequate for 指“足够,合适”;(be )short of 指“缺欠,达不到”;(be) intent on指“专心,专注”。?

61.【答案】A。?【译文】从童年到成年的转变对于年青人来说通常是个艰难的时期。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】transition 指“转变,过度”,后常接介词组from...to... 意为“从……到……的转换”;transformation 指“转化,改革”;transfer 指“迁移,转移”;transmission指“传输,传送”。?

62.【答案】C。?【译文】这样一个声名狼藉的人竟然坐上了公司的头把交椅,这完全出乎我的意料。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。【详细解答】 responsible 指“负责的,可靠的”;illegal 指“违法的,不规定的”;notorious 指“声名狼藉的”;illegitimate 指“违法的,私生的”。?

63.【答案】D。?【译文】相对于美国工作的较大流动性而言,在日本工作具有更大的稳定性。对此人们做出了几种可能的解释。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。【详细解答】在做本题时要注意题干中mobility(流动性)一词,它与stability(稳定性)形成了鲜明的对比;creativity 指“创造力,创造性”;security 指“安全”;sensitivity 指“敏感性,灵敏性”。?

64.【答案】A。?【译文】当他讲完那个悲惨故事时全场几乎每个人都哭了。?【试题分析】形近词辨义题。?【详细解答】pathetic 指“悲惨的,可怜的”,与sad意思相近;patriotic 指“爱国的,有爱国心的”;panic 指“惊慌,恐慌”;periodic 指“周期的,定期的”。?

65.【答案】D。?【译文】那天老师破例没有布置家庭作业。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】disconnect 指“拆开,分离”;distort 指“扭曲,歪曲(事实、真理等)”;detach 指“分开,分离”;deviate指“背离,偏离,离题”,它常作不及物动词,后接介词from。?

66.【答案】A。?【译文】凡是总指望靠工资吃饭的人决不可能很富裕。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】anticipate 指“预期,期望”,与expect, look forward to意思相近;articulate 指“用关节连接,清晰明白的说”;manifest 指“表明,证明”;monitor指“监控”。?

67.【答案】C。?【译文】杰克逊先生因为在这个城市投资得到大量回报而感到很高兴。【试题分析】习惯用法题。?【详细解答】derive... from... 是习惯搭配,意为:“从……得到……”。?

68.【答案】C。?【译文】这首诗的意思很晦涩,我确实理解不了。?【试题分析】单词辨义题。?【详细解答】conspicuous 指“明显的,显著的”intelligible 指“可理解的”;obscure 指“朦胧的,模糊的,晦涩的”;dim指“(光线等)暗淡的,无光泽的”。?

69.【答案】B。?【译文】司法审判的精髓在于人人都有权得到公平的审判。?【试题分析】近义词辨析题。?【详细解答】content 指“内容,容量”;essence 指“(事物的)本质,精髓”;threshold 指“开端,界限”;texture指“(织品的)质地,(文艺作品的)结构”。?

70.【答案】B。?【译文】仅仅因为他们彼此之间不和谐,导致他们婚姻的结束。?【试题分析】形近词辨义题。?【详细解答】comparable 指“可比较的,比得上的”;compatible 后接介词with,意为“与……谐调的、一致的、兼容的”,competitive 指“竞争的”;complacent 指“自满的,得意的”。?


Part Ⅳ Translation(15 minutes)

Directions:Read the following passage carefully and complete it by translating each Chinese sentence or clause into an English one to suit the context. Please write your versions in space provided below the passage.?


For many young people, the late 1960s was a period of revolution against the moral values that had been the strength and pride of the past generations. They did not want to be hard-working and thrifty [象前辈那样](71). They rejected the idea that [必须先尽义务后享受](72), and that individuals must make sacrifices when it is necessary for the good of their children or of their community. They condemned patriotism as the cause of wars and rejected  authority——[不论是政府中的,宗教团体中的,学校中的还是家庭中的](73). All these narrow ideas, they declared, were things of the past and had always been wrong anyway.?


It was a distressing time for their elders. Previously happy parents found themselves[被他们的年轻造反派不看在眼里](74), who accused them of [太为钱操心](75) and too anxious to impress the neighbors. “True success,” the young people explained, “is not a matter of money or position. It’s a matter of self-fulfillment. And self-fulfillment consists of reaching one’s goals and achieving happiness in one’s way [不用去理会任何约束、责任或别人的看法](76). We do have a duty to ourselves that is more important than duty to others, even to our own children.”?


Most parents [感到难以接受子女们的这种态度](77). They themselves had been brought up to respect traditional values; they had also learned to respect money [因为在他们的青少年时期钱来之不易](78). They had married in the late 1930s or early 1940s at a time when it was explained again and again that an unhappy childhood produces emotionally disturbed adults. [已婚夫妇的首要责任](79), therefore, was to think of their children’s happiness. On the other hand, [在爸爸妈妈做出牺牲的同时](80), they expected their children to obey the rules of “nice” behavior, and to grow up into adults that parents can be proud of.  the ideas that the young rebels of the 1960s rejected.?



71.__________________?

72.__________________?

73.__________________?

74.__________________?

75.__________________?

76.__________________?

77.__________________?

78.__________________?

79.__________________?

80.__________________


71.【答案】as their ancestors had been?

【详细解答】本句看似简单,其关键在于句子的时态。要汉译英的部分是整个英语的方式状语从句,当然用连词as ;因为他们的前辈所做的事在前,方式状语从句的谓语动词要用过去完成时;还有一点要注意,不要译成had done而要译成had been,因为这是个省略从句,完整的句子应该是:as their ancestors had been hard-working and thrifty.(像前辈那样勤俭节约)。?

72.【答案】duty must come before pleasure?

【详细解答】本句要求译成英语的汉语是个无主句。汉语无主句的英译有多种方法,其中主要有两种:一种用被动语态,另一种用无生命的名词作主语。本句采用第二种方法,因为正好用两个无生命的名词:duty 和pleasure;谓语动词用既简单又准确的动词短语come before (在……之前)。?

73.【答案】whether in government, religous groups, school, or family.?

【详细解答】本句的关键是要用连词组合:whether...or...(无论……还是……)。另外,在whether...or...结构中,名词只能用单数形式,既不能用复数形式,也不能在名词前加任何像冠词之类的修饰词。?

74.【答案】scorned by their young rebels?

【详细解答】很清楚,要汉译英的部分在整个英语句子中作宾语补足语,要用过去分词短语来充当。“不看在眼里”当然不能逐字翻译,要意译,可以用 scorn, contempt, look down upon 等词(组)。?

75.【答案】being too concerned with money?

【详细解答】本句的关键点是汉译英部分是在英语原文中作介词of的宾语。“为……操心”可以译成be concerned with 或be worried about ;因为是作介词的宾语,所以要用动名词being concerned with... 或being worried about...。?

76.【答案】without paying attention to rules, duties, or the opinions of others?

【详细解答】本题首先要注意的是汉译英部分在英语原句中作伴随状语。其次,根据句意,正好用介词without +动名词短语来译。?

77.【答案】found /felt it hard to accept their children’s attitude?

【详细解答】本句可以用“动词find 或feel + 形式宾语it + 形容词+动词不定式”来译,也可“用动词+宾语从句”来译,译成:found/felt that it was hard/difficult to accept their children’s attitude?

78.【答案】because it was scarce during their teenage years?

【详细解答】很显然,汉译英部分在英语原文中是个原因状语从句。本句特别要注意的是在翻译“钱”这个词时要用代词it ,不要用名词money ,因为它在前面主句中出现了,再用就重复了显得很累赘。“来之不易”译成了形容词scarce ,说明他们当时很缺钱。?

79.【答案】A married couple’s first duty?

【详细解答】很清楚,汉译英部分是个名词短语,在英语原句中作主语。“已婚”用动词典marry的过去分词married来译。?

80.【答案】while Mom and Dad were making sacrifices?

【详细解答】很显然,汉译英部分在英语原文中是个时间状语从句。在强调动作同时进行时连词最好用while,“做出牺牲”译成 make sacrifices 。根据原文的意思,从句的谓语动词用过去进行时。


Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should Euthanasia Be Legalized?

You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:?

1.安乐死应该合法化?

2.安乐死不应合法化?

3.我的观点

 

参考范文:?

Should Euthanasia Be Legalized?


Euthanasia has been a highly controversial issue at home and abroad. In some northern European countries it is legalized. Now  hot topic again in our country because an incurable patient wanted the doctors to implement euthanasia on him but they had to refuse to do so since it was forbidden by law.?Some people think that euthanasia should be legalized and put into practice. In so doing, it will benefit all people involved. First, it can lessen the pain of the dying patient who suffers terribly from the incurable disease. Second, it will also reduce the great financial pressure on the living because a great deal of money has to be spent in prolonging the life of the dying.?


On the other hand, others believe that euthanasia should not be legalized and performed. It is generally acknowledged that life is the most precious of all and should be put before everything else. Once a person is dead, he or she can never come back to life, and it is irreplaceable. What’s more, if euthanasia is legalized, it is possible for wicked people to take advantage of it to kill legitimately.?In my opinion, euthanasia should be legally implemented but strict laws must be made and severe measures taken in case it is abused. And also, if the incurable patient wants to go on living in  having euthanasia, his or her choice must be respected.


写作指导:本篇是典型的关于某一问题利与弊的论说文。这种形式的论说文要求考生对某个问题的利与弊展开讨论,摆事实、讲道理,最后由考生结合两种意见谈谈自己的观点和看法。就本篇作文的谋篇布局来讲,它一般由三段组成,也可以写四段。具体如下:?

第一段: 首先提出安乐死这一问题,简明扼要地说明这一问题产生的背景、由来和影响等。?

第二段: 从正面来论述实施安乐死的好处及其必要性。?

第三段: 从反面来陈述实施安乐死带来的后果和引发的问题。?

第四段: 谈谈考生自己的观点,不管赞成还是反对,一定要客观。?

 

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