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来源:原版英语学习网发布时间:2012-07-20 浏览:1455次

A: My brother got married last year.

B: That surprises me, I thought that he would remain a bachelor for the rest of his life.


n. 1.单身男士,单身汉; 2.学士,学士学位

A: That is a nice badge that you are wearing.

B: Thanks, I bought it at the market this morning.


n. 1.徽章,证章; 2.标记,标志; 3.象征

A: Would you like have a game of badminton with me this evening?

B: Sorry, but I only play football.


n. 羽毛球运动

A: Did you enjoy the film?

B: Yeah, but I was baffled by the plot.


vt. 使困惑,难住

A: Was the criminal released from jail?

B: Yes, but only on bail.


n. 1.保释金; 2.准许保释

vt. 1.(out) 保释,帮助脱离困境; 2.用桶(从船里)舀水

A: I caught four fish, big ones.

B: You must have been using good bait.


n. 1.(钓鱼等用的)饵,诱饵; 诱惑物,引诱物


A: that man looks very young to be going bald.

B: Yeah, he looks no more than twenty five.


a. 1.秃头的,秃的; 2.(织物,轮胎等)磨光的; 3.明显的,不加掩饰的

A: Have you ever been to the ballet?

B: Yes, but I always prefer the theatre.


n. 1.芭蕾舞,芭蕾舞剧; 2.芭蕾舞用

A: The voting for the president was done by the secret ballot.

B: It must have been very fair then.


n. 1.投票表决(或选举); 2.选票; 3.投票总数

v. (使)投票表决

A: This meal is delicious, is there a secret ingredient?

B: Not really, except I used lots of bamboo shoots.


n. 竹,竹子

A: Help! I am bleeding.

B: Here, use my scarf as a bandage.

A: I was not able to bandage your wound properly.

B: It is alright, so long as the bleeding has stopped.


n. 绷带

vt. 用绷带绑扎

A: This film is stupid.

B: Really, you usually one the ones about bandits and cowboys.


n. 强盗,土匪,歹徒

A: I can’t banish my girlfriend from my dreams.

B: It must be love then.


vt. 1.放逐,驱逐;2.消除,排除

A: My university is putting on an huge banquet for my graduation.

B: Sounds wonderful, can I come?


n. 宴会,盛宴

A: The weather is wonderful, let’s have a barbecue.

B: You go ahead, I have already had my dinner.


n. 1.金属烧烤; 2.烧烤野餐

vt. 在烤架上烧烤

A: That is a very long boat in the canal.

B: It is one of the largest barges in the country.


n. 驳船

vi. (卤莽而笨拙地)猛撞,冲,闯

barge in 闯入,干预

A: This tea tastes strange.

B: That is because it is made out of barley.


n. 大麦

A: The barometer indicates that it is going to be raining tomorrow.

B: Oh, I never trust that old thing.


n. 气压计,晴雨表

A: The barracks were burned down during the fighting.

B: Was anyone injured?


v. 起哄,喝倒彩

n. [pl.] 兵营,营房

A: These fields are so barren I am amazed that even grass can grow on them.

B: It can just about, but it has difficulty.


a. 1.(土地等)贫瘠的,荒芜的; 2.不结果实的,不(生)育的; 3.无益的,没有结果的

A: My little brother has barricaded himself into his bedroom and refused to come out.

B: Don’t worry, when he gets hungry he will come out.

A: The old town walls were initially built as barricades to keep the enemy out.

B: It is a shame that they have been so badly damaged!


n. 路障,栅栏,障碍

vt. 设路障于,挡住

A: Do you have a basement in your house?

B: Yes, but we only use it for storage.


n. 地下室

A: This music is terrible.

B: I think that it is just because the bass is too loud.


n. 1.男低音,低声部,低音乐器; 2.鲈鱼

A: I once read a book about an unwanted bastard child that was left to grow up alone in a forest.

B: I think that I may have read that one also.


n. 1.坏蛋,混蛋; 2.私生子

A: There is a wonderful smell coming from the kitchen.

B: I am glad that you like it, I have just made a batch of biscuits.


n. 1.一批,一组,一群; 2.一批生产量

A: The woman was horribly battered by her husband.

B: How awful, I hope that she left him

A: Do you like pancakes?

B: No, and nothing else that is made out of batter.


v. 连续猛击

n. (用鸡蛋,牛奶等调制的)面糊

A: Where did you buy your necklace?

B: Oh, I just bought the beads and made it myself.


n. 1.小珠子; 2.(水,血,汗的)小滴

A: I beckoned him to come, but he refused to move.

B: Perhaps you were not polite enough.


v. 示意,召唤

A: Watch out, there is a beetle crawling under your leg.

B: Ah, I hate insects.


n. 甲虫

A: You should have telephoned me beforehand when you knew you were going to be late.

B: I am sorry, but my mobile phone is broken.


ad. 预先,事先

A: There is no need to bellow orders at me.

B: Sorry, but I did not think that you would hear me unless I shouted.

A: The fire is going out. What should I do?

B: Use the bellows to blow air onto it.


vi. 1.咆哮,怒吼; 2.(公牛般地)吼叫

vt. 大声发出,大声喝道

n. 1.喊声,咆哮; 2.[~ s]风箱

A: I have a pain in my belly.

B: Well, you should have bad breakfast.


n. 肚子,腹部

A: Thank you for the beautiful present, you are far too benevolent.

B: You are most welcome. Kindness is not a complaint.


a. 仁慈的,善意的,慈善的

A: The test results have come back and the lump was benign.

B: Thanks, Doctor. I was so worried.


a. 1.善良的,慈祥的; 2.(肿瘤等)良性的,无危险的

A: I read in the newspaper that the city was besieged by unexpected attack.

B: Oh, I never trust the newspapers.


vt. 1.围攻,围困; 2.围住,拥在…周围

A: I bestow this gift upon you as a sign of my gratitude and thanks.

B: You are too generous.


vt. 赠与,授予

A: Why are you looking so upset?

B: My girlfriend has just betrayed me.


vt.1.背叛,出卖; 2.失信于,辜负; 3.泄露(秘密等); 4.(非故意地)暴露,显露

A: Would you like a hot beverage, Richard?

B: No thanks, Peter. I just had a coffee.


n. 饮料

A: I was bitten on the leg as I walked through the gate.

B: Did you not read the sign, “Beware of the Dog” ?


v. 谨防,当心

A: Every time I look at the night sky I am bewildered by the stars.

B: Me too, they are fascinating.


vt. 使迷惑,使难住

A: It is difficult to write this article without being biased.

B: Well, make sure you look at the issue from both sides before you start.


n. 偏见,偏心,偏袒

vt. 使有偏见

A: Now students, make sure you include a complete bibliography at the end of your work.

B: But that takes so much time.


n. 1.参考书目; 2.(有关某一专题的)书目

A: Did you hear about the new bilateral agreement between Russia and France?

B: No, not yet, I have not listened to the news today.


a. 双边的,双方的

A: Did anyone call the fire brigade when the fire was detected?

B: yes, but when they arrived it was too late, the smoke was already billowing out of the windows.


n. 巨浪,如波涛滚滚向前之物(如浓烟,浓雾等)

vi. 翻腾,汹涌

A: Please don’t throw your rubbish on the ground, there is a bin beside the door.

B: Oh, sorry, I did not see it.


n. 1.垃圾箱; 2.大贮藏箱

A: Oh, I wish I had brought my binoculars to the concert.

B: Yeah, the performers look so small from the back row.


n. 双筒望远镜

A: You have had such an interesting life, I would love to read your biography some day.

B: Oh, really. I hadn’t planned on writing one.


n. 传记

A: Last night was bizarre, it snowed when it should have been dry.

B: Well, it is difficult to predict the weather.


a. 奇形怪状的,怪诞的

A: Why did you steal the money?

B: I was blackmailed into it.


vt./n. 敲诈,勒索,要挟

A: My grandfather used to work with horses.

B: Was he a blacksmith?


n. 铁匠, 锻工

A: Is there a toilet in this building? My bladder is about to burst.

B: Just down the hallway, on the right.


n 1.膀胱; 2.囊状物.

A: The food that I cook is usually very bland.

B: No, I think it is quite spicy actually.


a. 1.温和的, 无动于衷的; 2.(食物)清淡的,枯燥乏味的

A: The concert was incredible, the lead singer nearly blazed the house down with his energy.

B: Gosh, it sounds almost dangerous.


vi. 1.熊熊燃烧,着火; 2.发(强)光,放光彩; 3.迸发,爆发

n. 1.火焰,烈火; 2.光辉,强烈(或眩目)的光; 3.迸发,爆发; 4.灿烂,炫耀

blaze a trail 开拓道路,作先导

A: Have you cleaned the bath yet?

B: No, sorry. I ran out of bleach.


n. 漂白剂

v. (使)变白,漂白

A: Winter is my favourite season.

B: Oh, winters are too bleak for me, I prefer autumn.


a. 1.没有希望的,凄凉的; 2.荒凉的; 3.寒冷刺骨的

A: My grandmother used to bless herself every time she passes a church.

B: She must have been very religious.


vt. 1.(with) 使有幸得到,使具有; 2.为…祈神赐福(或保佑)

A: Did you have a good crop of potatoes this year?

B: Unfortunately not, they were hit by blight.


n. 1.(植物等)枯萎病; 2.造成破坏(或损坏)的因素

vt. 破坏,摧残

A: I blinked and missed the town. It was so small.

B: Drive more slowly then!

A: With each blink I get older.

B: Well, I am sorry, but I can not do anything to stop time passing.


vi. 1.眨眼睛; 2.闪亮,闪烁

n. 眨眼睛,一瞬间

on the blink (机器等)坏了,出故障

A: Did anybody witness the accident?

B: Yes, a blonde was walking down the street.


a. 金发的

n. 金发女子

A: Zoe blossomed into a world class pianist.

B: She must have practiced very hard.


n. (尤指果树的)花

vi. 1.(植物)开花; 2.(out, into)发展,长成

in (full) blossom 正开着花

A: I think this artist is very talented.

B: I don’t . I think he just blots the paper with colour.


vt. 1.(用墨水等)弄脏; 2.(用吸墨纸)吸干

n. 污点,污渍

blot out 1.把…弄模糊,遮蔽; 2.完全清除(思想,记忆)

A: We shall see the blueprints to start working on the building in September.

B: OK, I shall get to work straight away.


n. 蓝图,行动计划

A: Did James tell you what happened yesterday?

B: Yes, but I am not sure if it was a lie of a bluff.


v. 虚张声势,吓唬

n. 1.虚张声势;2.悬崖,峭壁

a. 直率的,坦率的,粗率的

call sb. bluff 要求某人摊牌,向某人挑战

A: Oops, I’ve made a blunder.

B: Don’t worry, we can fix it.


n. (因无知,粗心等造成的)错误

vi. 1.跌跌撞撞地走,慌乱地走; 2.犯错误

A: Do you not know how to cut bread?

B: Of course I do, but this knife is blunt.


a. 1.钝的; 2.率直的,直言不讳的

vt. 1.使迟钝,使减弱; 2.使钝

A: Do you remember your first birthday?

B: No, it is all a blur.

A: He blurred the corners of the picture to make it look old.

B: He did a good job of it.


n. 模糊,模糊的东西

v. (使)变模糊

A: Brian blurted out the answer before I even had a chance to think about it.

B: Yes, he is very smart.


vt. (out) 脱口而出

A: You are very beautiful.

B: Stop, you are making me blush.


vi./n. 脸红

A: Are there any bogs in your country?

B: Yes, plenty, particularly in the west, where it is very wet.

A: Would you like to come to the cinema with me tonight?

B: Can we go next week, I’m bogged down at work at the moment.


n. 沼泽

v. (down) 1.(使)陷入困境; 2.(使)陷入泥沼

A: Family ties are the strongest form of bondage.

B: I don’t agree, I am not very close to my parents.


n. 1.奴役;2.束缚

A: You have worked so hard. We have decided to give you a bonus.

B: Gosh, thanks!


n. 1.奖金,红利; 2.额外给予的东西

A: What type of work does your company do?

B: This booklet contains all the details that you will need.


n. 小册子

A: The tickets will be on sale at the booth on the right.

B: Great, I’ll be there when it opens at 8.


n. 1.(隔开的)小房间,公用电话亭, 岗亭; 2.售货棚,货摊

A: Is there a library in your town?

B: No, I have to travel to the next borough.


n. 自治城镇,(大城市的)行政区

A: I like to hold my baby to my bosom.

B: It must be a very comfortable feeling.


n. 1.胸部,乳房; 2.胸怀,内心

A: There was so much food at dinner last night.

B: Yes, what a bounty!


n.1.(由政府提供的)奖金,赏金; 2.慷慨,大方

A: Those flower are beautiful, who gave you the bouquet?

B: My mother, they were a birthday gift.


n. 1.花束; 2.(酒的)芳香

A: Where do you live?

B: On the north side of the town, where the bourgeois tend to live.


a. 1.追求物质享受的;2.中产阶级的;3.资产阶级的

n. 1.追求物质享受的人; 2.中产阶级分子; 3.资产阶级分子

A: You are not looking very well at the moment.

B: Yeah, I had a nasty bout of food poisoning last week.


n. 1.(疾病等的)侵袭,发作; 2.一次,一阵,一回; 3.拳击(或摔交)比赛

A: Doctor, I have been having some bowel problems lately.

B: Well, sit down and I will see what I can do.


n. 1.肠; 2.[pl.]内部,深处

A: I enjoy bowling and usually play on Sunday afternoon.

B: I’d love to join you next week.


n. 保龄球运动

A: The students set up a boycott outside the school gates.

B: Why? What was the problem?


vt./n. (联合)抵制,拒绝参与

A: I broke my leg and had to wear a brace for two months.

B: That must have been very painful.


vt. 1.使防备,使受锻炼; 2.支住,撑牢; 3.使绷紧

n. 支架,托架

A: That is a beautiful bracelet that you are wearing.

B: Thanks, it was my grandmother’s.


n. 手镯,臂镯

A: Excuse me, sir, but should this sentence be put in brackets?

B: No, they are not necessary.

A: The bookshelves are falling down.

B: That is because you did not bracket them to the wall.


n. 1.括号; 2.(年龄,收入等的)等级段,档次; 3.壁架,托架

vt. 1.把…置于括号内; 2.把…归入同一类

A: Billy is always bragging about his success.

B: Ah, he is still young, be patient with him.


v. 自夸,吹嘘

A: Would you like a brandy?

B: No, thanks. It is too early for a drink.


n. 白兰地酒

A: What happened to Peter? I see that he broke his arm.

B: Oh, he got into a brawl on the street last night.


n./vi. 争吵,打架

A: Why are you home from work? It is early.

B: I could not stand it anymore and was forced to breach my contract.


n. 1.破坏,违反;2.(关系的)破裂,不和; 3. 缺口,裂口

vt. 1.攻破, 在…造成缺口; 2.破坏,违反

A: Sorry I am late, there was a breakdown on the road.

B: Not to worry, the class has not started yet.


n. 1.垮台,破裂;2.(健康,精神等)衰竭,衰弱; 3.(机器等的)损坏,故障; 4分类

A: Finally, a breakthrough in my science experiment.

B: Great, all your hard work has finally paid off.


n. 突破,突破性进展,重要的新发现

A: Will you put the tea on to brew please?

B: Sure, in a few minutes.

A: After failing the exam he brewed for four days.

B: And is he feeling better now?

A: Is this a strong brew?

B: No, it is fairly weak.


vt. 1.酿造(啤酒); 2.冲泡(茶,咖啡等)

vi. 1.(茶,咖啡等)冲泡; 2.酝酿,行将发生

n. 冲泡(或酿造)的饮料

A: I was offered a bribe to give my students better marks in their exams.

B: I hope that you did not accept it.

B: Tell me, why did you break into the bank?

B: I was bribed into it.


vt. 向…行贿,买通

n. 贿赂,行贿物

A: Where are the letter you were meant to post?

B: Oh, they are in my briefcase, but I left it at the office.


n. 公文包,公事包

A: What was your childhood dream?

B: To become a member of the fire brigade.


n. 1.旅(陆军编制单位); 2.队,组

A: The brim of your hat is covering your eyes.

B: That is because I don’t want anyone to notice me.


n. 1.帽檐;2.(容器的)边,边缘

vi. 注满,充溢

brim over (with) 充满,洋溢

A: I was on the brink of leaving my job, but decided to stay.

B: What changed your mind?


n. (悬崖,河流等的)边缘,边沿

on the brink of 濒临,处于…边缘

A: Slow down, stop walking so fast!

B: A brisk walk will be good for your health.


a. 1.轻快的,生气勃勃的; 2.兴隆的,繁忙活跃的; 3.寒冷而清新的

A: My paintbrush is too old to start the decorating.

B: I have one with better bristles if you want to borrow it.


n. 短而硬的毛发,刷子毛

vi. 1.被激怒,怒发冲冠; 2.毛发(因惊惧等)直立

bristle with 密集,充满,被布满

A: Don’t lean on the glass, it is very brittle.

B: Oops, sorry, it is too late.


a. 1.易碎的,易损坏的;2.脆弱的,靠不住的; 3.冷淡的,不友好的; 4.(声音)尖厉的

A: What place did you come in in the race?

B: Third. I won a bronze.


n. 1.青铜;2.青铜色,古铜色; 3.青铜(艺术)制品,铜牌

A: This is a very complicated question, professor.

B: Brood on it for a while and maybe you will find the solution.

A: Are the hens sitting with their brood?

B: No, they seem to have neglected them.


vi. 1.(on, over, about)沉思,考虑; 2.孵蛋

n. 1.(雏鸡等)一窝; 2.(一个家庭)全体孩子

A: If you walk up the east side of the mountain you will find a small brook where you can fill your bottles with water.

B: Great, I’m really thirsty, but is the water safe to drink?


n. 小溪

vt. [常用于否定句或疑问句]容忍,忍受

A: Where were you this afternoon?

B: In the bookshop, just browsing.


vi. 1.随意翻阅,浏览; 2. (牛,羊等)吃草

A: That is a nasty bruise.

B: Yeah, I fell down the stairs last week and hit my head.

A: He bruised me with his nasty comments.

B: Don’t listen to him then.


n. 1.青肿,挫伤; 2.(水果等的)伤痕,擦痕

vt. 1.打青,使受淤伤; 2.挫伤,伤害(感情等)

A: That was a brutal crime.

B: Yeah, there seems to be nothing but bad news these days.


a. 1.野兽般的,残忍的; 2.无情的,冷酷的,难以忍受的

A: How much is the fare?

B: Just two bucks, it is only a short journey.

A: The horse bucked and kicked me in the face.

B: Ouch! Why were you standing behind him?

A: Buck up, it is not the end of the world.

B: Easier said then done.


n. 1.(一)美元,(一)澳元; 2.雄鹿,雄兔

vi. (马等)猛然弓背跃起

buck up (使)振奋,(使)打起精神

A: I like your new shoes.

B: Thanks, but the buckles are too stiff at the moment.

A: What happed to your bicycle?

B: The wheel buckled when I hit a stone in the middle of the road.


v. 1.用搭扣扣紧; 2.(使)变形,弯曲

n. 搭扣,扣环

buckle down 倾全力,开始认真从事

A: I am looking forward to the spring when the flowers will come into bud.

B: Me too, it has been a long winter.


n. 叶芽,花蕾

vi. 发芽,萌芽

A: Do you think that the Buddhist way of life is the best?

B: I am not quite sure yet, I still need to think about it.


n. 佛教徒

a. 佛教的

A: Have you ever seen a buffalo?

B: No, but I would like to.


n. 水牛,(北美)野牛

A: He used his pillow as a buffer against the noise.

B: Why, did he have difficulty sleeping?

A: The mirror needs a polish.

B: But I don’t have anything to buffer it with.


n. 1.起缓冲作用的人(或物); 2.缓冲器,减震器

vt. 缓冲,减轻

A: Will there be any food at the party?

B: I heard that the hosts are providing a buffet.


n. 1.(火车站的)饮食柜台,(火车内的)餐车

vt. 反复敲打,连续猛击

A: There is a bug crawling over foot, watch out.

B: You could have warned me soon, I hate insects in any shape or form.

A: Go away, you are bugging me.

B: Please, I just have one more question.


n. 1.虫子;2.小病,(机器等)故障,缺陷; 3.窃听器


A: I have bulges in all the wrong places.

B: Stop worrying about your weight, I think you are beautiful.

A: Your bag is bulging, what have you got in it?

B: Far too much, it is too heavy.


n. 膨胀,肿胀

vi. 1.膨胀,凸出,鼓起;2.塞满,装满

A: Be careful, there is a bull in that field over there.

B: Oh, I am not afraid of him.


n. 1.公牛,雄兽; 2.买进证券(或商品等)投机图利者, (对股市行情)看涨的人

A: Did you receive the bulletin I sent you?

B: No, but I did not check my post today.


n. 1.(报纸,电台等)简明新闻,最新消息; 2.公告,布告,公报; 3.学报,期刊(尤指某机构的机关刊物)

A: Were you ever bullied in school?

B: Just once, but the teacher found out and put a quick stop to it.


n. 恃强欺弱者


A: I must buy Time this week, there will be a bumper issue.

B: It must be larger on account of the new year.




A: Why do you always wear your hair in a bun?

B: Because I think it is very elegant.


n. 1.圆形的小面包或点心; 2.(女子的)圆发髻

A: As a child I always wanted to sleep on the top bunk.

B: Me too, but so did my brother so we always argued.

A: Hey, will you do a bunk today?

B: No, I am afraid that the teacher will find out.


n.1.(车,船等依壁而设的)铺位; 2.空话,废话

do a bunk 匆忙逃走

A: Typical bureaucracy, always too many forms to fill in.

B: Be patient, you can not change the whole system straight away.


n. 1.官僚主义,官僚作风; 2.政府机构,官僚

A: A burglar broke into our house last night and stole the TV.

B: My goodness, did the police catch him?


n. 窃贼,破门盗窃者

A: John’s sudden death was tragic.

B: I know, I would like to go to the burial to show my respect to his family.


n. 葬,掩埋,葬礼

A: Did you spot where the rabbit just went?

B: Yeah, into his burrow by the tree.


vt. 1.挖掘(洞穴); 2钻进

vi. 1.挖洞;2.翻寻

n. 地洞

A: He bust into the room and started shouting at me.

B: Well, you should have locked the door.


vt. 打破,打碎

vi. 爆裂,坏掉

n. 1.胸像,半身像; 2.胸部,胸围

A: I hate going into the city at the weekend.

B: I agree, too much bustle and people.


vi. 闹哄哄地忙乱,奔忙

n. 1.忙乱,喧扰; 2.裙撑,衬垫

A: Could you please put your cigarette butt into the ashtray rather than on the floor?

B: Sorry, I did not realize it would bother you.


n. 1.笑柄;2.烟蒂;3.枪托; 4.大酒桶,大水桶; 5.臀部

v. 用头撞或顶

butt in 插嘴,插手,干涉

A: There is a wonderful atmosphere at this party.

B: Yes, there is a great buzz.

A: What is that annoying noise?

B: My alarm clock buzzing. I forgot to switch it off.


vi. 1.发出嗡嗡声; 2.(around, about)忙乱,急行; 3.发出嘈杂的谈话声

n. 1.嗡嗡声; 2.嘈杂的谈话声

A: The local government wants to build a bypass to direct traffic away from our town.

B: That will be bad for business in the town. What do the locals think about it?


n. 1.(绕过市镇的)旁道,迂回道; 2.分流术,旁通管

vt. 1.绕过,绕…走; 2.越过,置…于不顾