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2011年12月四级考试翻译高分训练

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2011年12月四级考试翻译高分训练(1)


Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.


1. I have had great deal of trouble_______________.(跟得上班上的其他同学)


2. I don't mind your_____________(你延期做出决定) the decision as long as it is not too late.


3. In the Chinese household, grandparents and other relatives_____________(起着不可缺少的作用) in raising hildren.


4. Mark often____________________________(试图逃脱罚款) whenever he breaks traffic regulations.


5. When I __________________(发现他骗我) I stopped buying thins there and started dealing with another shop.


6. I suggested he ____________________ (使自己适应) his new conditions.


7. What a lovely party! It's worth_________________( 牢记一生 ).


8. If you won't agree to our plan,_____________________( 他们也不会同意 ).


9. His remarks left me ____________________________( 想知道他的真实目的 ).


10. If you had_____________________ ( 听从了我的劝告,你就不会陷入麻烦)


答案:


1. keeping up with the rest of the class


「超级句型」trouble可以用在句型"have trouble doing sth. " 做某事有困难"中,这时,trouble可以用difficulty来代替。


「超级短语」keep up with意为"跟上……",指并肩前进,并驾齐驱,不至落后、掉队。catch up with意为"赶上",指从后边追上或改变落后状。


2. delaying making


「超级单词」mind作及物动词,后面通常接名词、代词、V-ing形式、复合结构、从句等。delay后接动词时,应该接动词的ing形式。


3. play indispensable roles


「超级短语」play a part/role in起着……作用,饰演……的角色。


4. attempts to escape being fined


「超级单词」escape后面要接动名词形式。常与介词from搭配,如He has escaped from the fire.


5. caught /found him cheating me


「超级句型」find/catch+宾语+宾补,如I found him standing by the river.


6. should adapt himself to


「超级句型」suggest作"建议"时,其宾语从句中要用虚拟句型"suggest that sb.(should)do sth."结构;从suggest还可以联想到宾语从句中同样要用虚拟语气的相关动词如:insist,demand,order,ask,advise等。


「超级短语」adapt oneself to 使自己适应或习惯于,其他搭配: adapt from 根据……改写/改编


7. remembering all my life


「超级单词」be worth doing……值得做某事,还有说法是worth sth. 如:He is worth the praise.


8. neither will they


「超级单词」neither表示"两者都不", 表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒装。如:If you won't go, neither will I.


9. wondering about his real purpose


「超级单词」leave sb doing 让继续处于某种状态;leave sb to do sth 让某人干某事


10. followed my advice, you would not be in trouble now.


「超级句型」虚拟语气在if 引导的条件句中的用法。


从句:if + 主语+ 动词的过去式(be 用were) + ……


主句:主语+ would (should, could , might) + 动词原形+ ……


2011年12月四级考试翻译高分训练题(2)


Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.


1. (这个计划成功的关键) ___________is good planning.


2. The specific use of leisure______(每一人都不同)


3. The ship's generator broke down and the pumps____________________( 不得不用手工操作 ) instead of mechanically.


4. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used______________( 习惯了学生迟到 ) his lecture.


5. I prefer to communicate with my customers ______( 通过写电子邮件而不是打电话)


6. After the terrorist attack, tourists ______ ( 被劝告暂时不要去该国旅游)


7. ( 他把自己奉献于社区工作 ) ______ and is passionate about what he is doing.


8. Man should not exploit the natural resources ______ ( 以牺牲其他物种为代价 ).


9. When Sandy recovered from cancer, her doctor ______ ( 把此归因于她对未来的信念 ).


10. At the end of his speech, the school master encouraged the children to work hard ______ ( 不要让父母失望 ).


答案:


1. The key to the success of this project


「超级单词」key除作名词"钥匙"外,后接介词to,表示"……的钥匙,……的答案,……的关键".


2. from individual to individual.


「超级短语」不及物动词vary 的用法。搭配为:vary ... from ...to 各不相同。


3. had to be operated manually


「超级短语」have to通常指由于客观原因则不得不做某事,意思为"不得不". 其否定形式意思是"不一定"或"没有必要"。


4. to students' being late for


「超级句型」be used to+doing/noun,表示过去习惯于做某事。used to+do,表示过去有规律的习惯性动作或状态,而现在已不存在了。


「超级短语」be late for,迟到。


「超级句型」one's doing,非谓语动词的复合结构。


5. via E-mail instead of telephone


「超级短语」Instead of 的意思是"代替……"、"而不……",后面常跟名词、代词和动名词,偶尔也跟复合结构。


6. were advised not to travel to that country at the moment


「超级单词」advise 一般用法: advise sb. to do; advise doing


特殊注意: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:advise that sb. (should) do的形式。


7. he devoted himself to the community


「超级短语」be devoted to 有两个含义:A.专心致志于,献身于;B.热爱,很喜欢。作为动词的devote常用下列成语类的搭配:devote oneself/one's life to sth/doing sth.


8. at the cost of sacrificing/loss of other species


「超级短语」at the cost of(以……为代价),其含义和用法与at the expense of相同。另at all costs意为"不惜一切代价".


9. attributed it to her firm belief in the future


「超级短语」"attribute...to","把……归因于……"是大学英语四级考查率极高的一个语言点。


10. and not to let their parents down


「超级短语」let...down(使……失望),形容词表示失望有disappointed.

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